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pro-labour regulatory acts                 pro-platform regulatory acts

This section contains a list of the main regulatory tools which have recently been deployed in different countries to address the economic and legal challenges raised by digital platforms. In particular, three typologies  of regulation have been taken into consideration: national / domestic laws, court decisions, antitrust authorities deliberations.

All the regulatory measures stored in the section can be easily accessed through links which allow to read their official version. Keywords and tags are associated to each of the regulatory measures with the aim of providing a short description of their content.


ItalyProposta di legge regionale 306/2018 - Piemontedigital platforms, labour, remuneration 
ItalyLegge regionale 4/2019 - Laziodigital platforms, labour 
ItalyTribunale di Torino - Sentenza 778/2018Foodora, food delivery, riders, labour 
ItalyCorte d'Appello di Torino - Sentenza 26/2019Foodora, food delivery, riders, labour 
ItalyCassazione - Sentenza 1663/2020Foodora, food delivery, riders, labour 
ItalyCarta dei diritti fondamentali del lavoro digitale nel contesto urbanodigital platforms, labour


ItalyParlamento della Repubblica Italiana - Legge 128/2019food delivery, riders, labour 
ItalyTribunale di Firenze - 886/2020Just Eat, food delivery, riders, Coronavirus 
ItalyTribunale di Milano - Decreto n.9/2020Uber Eats, riders, exploitative intermediation, special administration 
ItalyCCNL rider - 2020food delivery riders, collective bargaining agreement 
ItalyTribunale di Palermo - 20 November 2020food delivery riders, labour, Glovo 
ItalyTribunale di Bologna - December 2020Deliveroo, algorithms, riders, discrimination 
ItalyJust Eat company-level agreement - March 2021Just Eat, riders, labour, collective bargaining agreement 
ItalyTribunale di Bologna - June 2021food delivery riders, labour, collective bargaining agreement 
ItalyGarante privacy - 2021Glovo, algorithms, riders 
ItalyTribunale di Torino - November 2021Uber Eats, food delivery riders, labour 
SpainJuzgado de lo Social n° 19 de Madrid - Sentencia 188/2019Deliveroo, food delivery, riders, labour 
SpainJuzgado de lo Social n° 6 de Valencia - Sentencia 244/2018Deliveroo, food delivery, riders, labour 
SpainTribunal Supremo - 23 September 2020Glovo, food delivery, riders, labour 
SpainJuzgado de lo Social n° 24 de Barcelona - January 2021Deliveroo, labour, riders, food delivery 
SpainTripartite agreement - March 2021food delivery, labour, riders 
Spain"Riders Law" - 2021food delivery, labour, riders 
FranceCour de Cassation - 28 November 2018Take Eat Easy, food delivery, riders, labour 
SwedenFoodora collective bargaining agreement - 2021Foodora, labour, riders, coolective bargaining agreement 
CanadaUber Technologies Inc. v. HellerUberEats, labour 
USAUS District Court Northern District of CaliforniaGrubhub, food delivery, riders, labour 
NetherlandsSub-district Court of Amsterdamfood delivery, labour 
NetherlandsAmsterdam Court of Appeals - February 2021Deliveroo, riders 
AustraliaFair Work Commissionfood delivery, labour, Foodora, unfair dismissal 
UKCentral Arbitration Committee - 2017food delivery, labour, Deliveroo, riders 
UKCourt of Appeal - June 2021Deliveroo, labour, riders 

Do you want to know more? Have a look at the Literature and case studies section

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