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What: The course intends to analyze economic regulation of water and sanitation services and urban waste management from different perspectives and to explore the peculiarities of centralized and local allocation of regulatory tasks in relation to the nature of the service, specific policy objectives (consumer protection, equity, environmental targets, efficiency …), the historical and cultural background, the relationship between different actors and stakeholders, the influence - when relevant - of international actors like international organizations and financial institutions. The existence of multi-level systems of regulation will be also analyzed as an emerging trend. The course final aim is to provide participants with a broader overview on the objectives of regulation and with some hints to evaluate on a case-by-case basis what are the most suitable instruments and what is the best layer of intervention for a sound regulation: national, local or multi-level. That is why frontal lessons will be accompanied by the presentation of specific case studies and by interactive working groups. 

Who: The course is mainly addressed to representatives and Officials of national and local regulatory authorities, Central Public Administrations, regional and local governments, NGOs and consultancies engaged in the design and implementation of regulatory reforms, researchers, staff of International organizations.


Alberto AsquerAlberto ASQUER | SOAS - University of LondonLecturer of Business Strategy and Policy at the University of Cagliari (Italy) and Lecturer in Public Policy & Management at SOAS University of London. His research interests are in public policy and management, and  especially in political economy of regulation and regulatory reforms, public policy implementation, public management. He spent visiting periods at CESifo (Munich), Higher School of Economics (Moscow), and, as visiting fellow, at the EUI. 

Franco BecchisFranco BECCHIS | Turin School of Local Regulation
Scientific Director of the Foundation for the Environment and of the initiative "Turin School of Local Regulation”, he coordinates research programmes on the interaction between economics, energy and the environment and on local public services, as well as capacity building and support activities for local public entities. He is author and editor of the forthcoming handbook "The political economy of local regulation" published by Palgrave Macmillan. He has been contract Professor in Environmental Economics at the Polytechnic of Torino, University of East Piedmont and Saint John International University. His scientific interests and his publications range from public economics to environmental and regulatory economics.

Maria SalvettiMaria SALVETTI | Florence School of Regulation
Former chief economist for the French national agency for water and aquatic environment (Onema), Maria Salvetti has joined the “Economics of Public Private Partnerships” chair in La Sorbonne University. She is setting up a European working group on economic regulation of water sector, in partnership with the Florence school of regulation (part of the European research institute). She is also working as an expert for the Danube Water Program from the Workd Bank.

Andrea SbandatiAndrea SBANDATI | CISPEL Toscana
General Director of CISPEL Toscana, CISPEL is a Regional Association of local public services enterprises in the sector of public utilities. Since 1990 he has worked in the environmental sector with important institutions. A major part of his researches and works is related to public utilities, especially to waste management. Since 1997 to present he has been a member of Quadrifoglio Consortium where he holds the position of Vice-president. He is also a collaborator for the Regional Agency for Resources Recovery SpA in Florence and for CRS Proacqua in Rome.


- Regulation of natural monopolies: why and how? 
- The establishment of independent regulatory authorities: reasons, historical patterns, evolution and current trends
- Peculiarities of local regulation (characteristics of local public services; factors of weakness in local regulation; osmosis amongst professional roles; information endowment and exchange) 
- Knowing the FIELD for infrastructure and service regulation at local level: actors, information, incentives  (Presentation of the FIELD methodology - developed by the Turin School of Local Regulation and its potential applications to the design or reform of a regulatory framework for local public services)
- Multi-level regulation (distribution of responsibilities between national and sub-national authorities; co-existence of national objectives and local peculiarities)
- Trade-offs between national and local regulation
- Regulatory Reforms in Multi-level Governance Systems (how reforms designed at central level are applied and implemented at sub-national level)
- Case studies of regulation between national and local 
- Visit: Lokrum National Park and presentation on governance issues related to the Park as a case study of local regulation 
- Workgroup: application of the acquired knowledge to specific case studies with the support of a scientific tutor.